Artificial intelligence (AI) is a concept that is misunderstood by most people from around the world. Even business leaders fail at understanding what AI is and Hollywood does not do much in helping people learn the truth about the technology. We often see movies depicting artificial intelligence as evil and able to destroy humanity. In reality, AI is used in practically anything, from voice search to digital marketing funnels.
The Lack Of A Universally Accepted Definition
One of the main reasons why people do not really know much about artificial intelligence is that there is no definition that is uniformly agreed upon. Alan Turing is considered to be the originator of the concept. This happened in 1950 when he speculated that there will be thinking machines that will reason like human beings. Then, the actual use of the term “artificial intelligence” was done by John McCarthy who used it to describe machines that think autonomously.
Nowadays, AI practically refers to:
“Machines that answer to stimulation with responses that are traditional for humans.”
Basically, it means that machines have a human capacity to contemplate, judge, and act with intent. In order to have artificial intelligence, the machines basically need to show intentionality, intelligence, and adaptability.
Algorithms used in artificial intelligence are created so that decisions are made, usually with the use of real-time data. As opposed to passive machines that can only have predetermined or mechanical responses, AI makes decisions.
As an example, we can look at the transportation industry. Autonomous vehicles include remote sensors and LIDARS (systems for light detection and ranging). The sensors gather data from their surroundings and use other technologies in order to properly assess their surroundings. Then, based on the data that is gathered, inputs are transmitted and crashes are avoided.
This shows us that intentionality is something that is improperly understood. Many people believe that AI will end up endangering humans. However, in order for this to happen, the machine has to be programmed to specifically endanger humans.
Artificial intelligence is oftentimes used in a connection with data analytics and machine learning. The combination enables machines to make intelligent decisions. Machine learning is taking data to find underlying trends. When relevant items are spotted, they are used together with data analytics to understand something.
A large part of how the system operates is dictated by the computer programmer. Intelligent algorithms have to be built so that decisions are compiled based on considerations. This can include numerous basic principles, like equity, efficiency, effectiveness, and justice.
AI systems also have to adapt. They need to learn and modify actions as information is compiled and decisions are made. Effective AI has to adjust as conditions and circumstances change. Examples of changes that have to be taken into account include environmental changes, military circumstances, road conditions, and financial situations. AI has to integrate such changes in algorithms and make choices about how to adapt based on new possibilities.
We can easily see AI adaptability being used in the transportation industry. The autonomous vehicles are now able to use machine-to-machine channels in order to alert others about potholes, congestions, highway constructions, and man other traffic impediments. Simply put, vehicles are capable of taking advantage of the data that was gathered by other vehicles to adapt to the road, all without the involvement of humans.
In the past few years, extraordinary technological advances were made when looking at the AI systems’ ability to incorporate intelligence, adaptability, and intentionality in algorithms. Instead of being deterministic or mechanistic in regards to how machines operate, artificial intelligence software is actively learning as it operates. It is capable of incorporating real experiences in the choices that are made. Human performance is enhanced and capabilities for people are augmented.
Obviously, the advances made in artificial intelligence technology make people feel nervous. Doomsday scenarios keep popping up and the movie-makers play a big role in this. In reality, AI is very beneficial for humans. The possibility of machines taking over the world and deciding to wipe out humanity is just a movie scenario. It is practically impossible because,in order for that to happen, the machines would actually need to be programmed to do something like this.